hi this is Noreen McGuire from the Pace University Library with suggestions and pointers for library research. These will help you meet your project challenge to expand the user base of the Fantasy Life app to include fantasy players of other sports besides football as well as more general sports fans. it’s a good idea, if you haven’t already done so, to start by looking at the app’s website to see what you can learn about how they are currently representing the app and its users. There’s an emphasis on community and engaged and smart fans, not just fantasy football fans. Now let’s go to the Pace Library website at library.pace.edu where we will look at a couple of databases in order to find articles about fantasy sports, fantasy sports fans, and general sports fans in order for you to learn more about them, in order to inform your plan. We’ll start by clicking on the databases tab and then in the A to Z list we’re going to pick “B” in order to search Business Source Premier; you scroll down and select it. Business Source Premier contains articles from all aspects and sub disciplines within business. We’ll start by doing a keyword search on fantasy sports; notice that i use the quotation marks around the words fantasy sports; that tells the search engine of the database to search those two words next to each other as a phrase rather than separately. I click on search and I came up with 459 matches. that’s a lot to look at, but again, as we start to look through what came up you can see that some of them are not relevant to your assignment. As you look over the first results you’ll see that there’s a lot of articles about daily fantasy sports. these made a lot of headlines last year as they became more and more popular and emphasized the gambling aspect of fantasy sports and drew a lot of legal and fan attention. so if we know that that’s not what our app is about we can put those aside. let’s take a look at this one here: notice that it says chapter 19 fantasy sports. it indicates that rather than an article it is a report and it’s a report that was included in the leisure market research handbook. this could be of interest. if you see that it’s there and it does not say that it’s in full text you want to click on the search for item button. sometimes it will take you to an entry that shows that Pace actually has a particular report or article. in this case it reminds you that we do not have it and you would need to request it using ILLiad for interlibrary loan. if you have any questions about interlibrary loan please go to the library homepage; you’ll look for the quick llink interlibrary loan where you can set up an account to request items from outside of the Pace library. Returning to my results list, let’s take a look at result number 7 : fantasy sports FoMO and traditional fandom how second-screen use of social media allows fans to accommodate multiple identities. I don’t know exactly what that means but if i want to find out a little bit more about what it is i can hover over this page with the magnifying glass and take a look at the abstract. it tells you that fantasy sport is a prominent topic of study for sport management scholars and this research addresses questions about how fantasy sport involvement impacts fans loyalties to their favorite teams etc. note that the abstract also tells you that those letters FoMO in the title refer to a concept of fear of missing out which gives you another insight into the behavior of fantasy sports fans and their use of social media and ,by association, apps. so as we take a closer look up at the top, notice that one of the subject headings or descriptors that has been used to describe the content of this research article is consumer behavior. it’s in a journal called the journal of Sport Management. you’re interested in sports consumers and consumers behavior so there’s another indicator that this might be a good article. as we look over here we’ll see that this particular article was published in an academic journal. generally academic journals publish what are called peer reviewed articles. once again we need to click on the search for item button to see if Pace subscribes to the journal this article is in and again this one we do not, and you would need to request it using interlibrary loan. returning to my result list, let’s just scroll through a few more. I’m going to go to the next page and see if anything else jumps out as we look. number 14 tells us that there are second screen apps that make NFL games even more fun. note that this is from a periodical. these are our more day-to-day articles [publications] that publish current articles of interest, not necessarily research. this particular article is from PC World and is available in full-text if you’re interested in learning about other apps. this is a good time to take a look at this article which reviews several second screen apps for football viewing including NFL mobile, ESPN fantasy sports, NFL fantasy football. you can also narrow your search results by returning to the search form and entering additional terms to focus the results that you get. in this case i’m really interested in the concept of community as it relates to fantasy sports so i can type in the single keyword community and click on search and that takes my search results all the way down from 459 to 5. if we take a look at the first one the title sounds good but it’s hard again to tell what it’s about, so we can look at the abstract and it discusses the business aspect in the virtual league fantasy sports and it gives some history of fantasy sports and they have highlighted the public concerns about fantasy sports linking it to gambling, so this particular one may give you some background; you’ll have to decide. as we look at the next few, take a look at number two how fantasy sports is communicated, and it talks about user-generated content by professional and amateur writers. when you get involved in a discussion boards etc, you really are involved in user-generated content. the source of this article is a computer science journal IEEE transactions on professional communication and you can see that it’s a lengthy article. again, read the abstract and you will have to decide whether this is an article that will help you in your research. another database that we recommend that includes information on all aspects of business is called ABI/inform collection. when you go in you’ll notice it has a similar search form to business source premier. many of these databases look relatively the same. so if we start the same way here and we put in a search on “fantasy sports” again using the quotation marks to search this as a phrase, and click search, you’ll notice that i came up with many more results in this database instead of 459 i have 1191. again you can look and see that there’s a lot of stuff that is about daily sports, fantasy sports issues. so you don’t really want to focus on that. one thing you can do is you can go directly to the scholarly journals that look at information that comes out of research studies like we… we called these academic journals before. so by clicking on scholarly journals we’re going to remove a lot of the daily weekly and other popular sources. here we have the same article we looked at in business source premier; keep in mind that there are a lot of articles in each database that are not featured in the other. we get both databases so that you have access to as much information as possible. so please use both business source premier and abi/inform to get the best results. as we look through these you can see a few things that start to look interesting… let’s take a look at number three; what do you think BIRGing and CORFing behavior of fantasy football participants means? if you’re not sure we can try the preview which is just like that abstract preview that we saw in business source premier and “basking in reflected glory” and “cutting off reflected failure” are behaviors associated with sport spectators and fantasy sports players, so we’ve learned something new. i would put these on my list of possible keywords and things to keep an eye out for, just as we did in … some of the articles in business source premier. notice that there’s a list of subject headings or descriptors that have been assigned to describe the content of this particular article. Here. instead of referring to this just as fantasy sports the official language is fantasy sports leagues. there’s also a heading for social networks, socialization — which is another good word for community participation, and notice that it also talks about professional baseball. so we may get some insight into the fans of non football sports. all in all I think this would be one I’d want to see and notice up here it shows that the article is available in full-text so you can click on the full text button and it will bring it right up …there we go! returning to the search form, there are other ways that you can narrow your search results. we’ll start with fantasy sports and then say, okay we’re interested in articles that mention words like community or engage* and i’m going to put an asterix at the end of it; that would pick up engage, engagement, engaged, to pick up all of those words OR we saw participation so we can put that in OR we’re interested in people who take part in discussions or discuss things so we could actually once again put the asterix OR people who participate in forums … and it will look for the plural there for forum or forums. so I’ve just extended this to narrow it down using any or all of additional terms that are related to each other. so i can click on search and this time it brings it down to 507 results. once again you may want to take out some of the articles that have to do with daily fantasy and other things by clicking on the scholarly journals link and see what comes up that might have been buried in the other articles in other searches. here’s “the impact of social networks in the development of a personal sports brand etc “. in my examples so far i really emphasize fantasy sports and communication but remember that’s only part of your research challenge. you’re also interested in finding out what you can about sports fans or even a specific group like baseball fans or hockey fans for basketball fans. and you’re interested in their psychology. and you might be interested in how they are marketed to already. so still in ABI let’s try another search. this time we’re going to use “sports fans”. again I’m using the quotes and down below i’m going to say AND i’m interested in the word psychology appearing in the article or article abstract or description and then I can add a row and say AND i also want the word or concept of marketing to be part of the discussion of this article. so with three terms I’m now going to click search and it brought up 562 results. as you start to look at these you can see that they’re sorted on most recent first and I don’t right off the bat see things that are jumping out at me, but you can go through them. sometimes having the most recent information first is really good but other times you might want to change this ranking or sorting and change it to relevance which looks for your words in the title and the abstract and how often they appear in the full-text having done that ,changed the ranking to relevance, i’m going to click on sort and see if some other articles of greater interest moved to the top. as I scroll down I do in fact see some articles that we didn’t see before, near the top about fan affiliation, fan motivation, fan identity et. so by changing my sort from newest to most relevant I did uncover additional sources that I hope to use. now let’s move on to the library catalog where we can look for books on the topic. wanting to understand the psychology of sports fans in general is not new. I recommend that you check the library catalog to see what books Pace University has that can help you with this aspect of your research. from the library home page click on the books & Media tab. that will allow you to search for books and ebooks and videos on your topic. here we’ll enter “sports fans” again using the quotation marks to search those two words together and click the search icon. the first book we see is one from 2016 so it’s very new and it’s called This is Your Brain on Sports.” again the title is very broad, so we can click on that title to see just what the book is about. as you scroll down you can see there’s a summary as well as table of contents and the table of contents would indicate that there are definitely some topics worth pursuing. as I scroll back up and hit return to browse we can look at what else came up. here is another book and this is from 2015 and still quite new and that book is called Fanaticus: mischief and madness in the modern sports fan, so this book is right on target for our understanding. just as in the article databases notice that the library catalog also has subject headings that have been assigned to this particular book to help you know what the content is about and to locate the book. sports spectators is the official subject heading, rather than sports fans. notice the subdivisions psychology, social conditions, sociological aspects of, sports. these are all good subject headings that sound like they’d be very useful to us. once again there’s an extensive summary of the content and there are the table of contents also. going back up a little bit further, notice that this book is at the Mortola Stacks that means it’s in Pleasantville and when you look at the status it says it is on display. even though it’s on display in pleasantville you can still request that this item be sent to you. they will take it off of the display and send it to you. when you look up at the top, note that there is a button that says Request. by clicking on the request button you can ask that the book be sent to Pace New York and you will be notified when it comes in. now let’s say more than one of you wants to read this book or at least read the sections that are relevant to your topic and that copy from Mortola is checked out. you then have the option of going to this button Connect New York to borrow the book from one of our new york state loan partners. and you can see that there are copies of this book available at a number of other libraries. once you’ve moved into the Connect New York catalog it’s a very similar process; rather than a button that says request, notice there is a request this item right above the locations, and you will be sent one of the Connect New York copies. returning to the Pace library holdings in the catalog, there’s just one other book I want to draw your attention to and that’s this one “Sports fans, identity, and socialization: exploring the fandemonium.” on a quick look it sounds really good so notice that this one is available at Pace New York and the status is Available so you could look for this on the second floor of the Birnbaum library. again, you can always check the title and see if in fact it looks relevant.and certainly look at all those occurrences of the phrase sports fans and fantasy sports and sports fandom etc so this is definitely a book that I think you guys, at least a few of you, should check out. since your topic is not strictly about business you may also want to run searches in other multidisciplinary databases like academic search premier and research library which you are likely to have used in your English 110 120 or 201 classes. keep in mind that there is a way for you to quickly check and identify some articles that you will have missed in the business databases; that is to use the Search All tab. search all is called a discovery tool and it will look for full-text articles across over a hundred databases. when we go into search all, let’s start with our original topic of “fantasy sports” again in quotations and i’m going to click on search when i did that it came up with over 7,000 results. there’s also a lot about daily fantasy sports regulation of daily fantasy. when we think about it there you are not interested in every single aspect so I’m just going to search a specific aspect and that is what motivates the fantasy sports fan, so i added the word motivation to my search and i click on search and that brought it down to a manageable eight. so you can think about other ways that you want to combine the terms we’ve talked about or others that you think about to come up with manageable groups of articles. let’s just take a look at what we found: so here’s types of fantasy sports uses and their motivations; when you take a look at this record notice that this came from PsycInfo. that is a psychology database so you did not find that in business source premier. as we look at the next one this is talking about psychological factors with involvement in fantasy sports and this particular article came from the Directory of Open Access Journals. these are journals that are published and freely available on the web. and this sounds like it could be really good. the third match comes from a database called Communication and Mass Media Complete. notice that there are a couple of others below as you continue through this search on your own. so doing a quick look in search all isn’t going to search every database for every article, what comes up is what is available in full-text against a large selection of databases available at Pace. if you decide that you want to see what else is available , that isn’t in full text you can uncheck the “available in library collection” and that added an additional group of 30-plus records to our search results and that would indicate that most of those you will need to go to interlibrary loan for. same as before, you can go down and check off that you’re interested in ones in academic journals and so forth. so that’s where I’m going to end and I hope that these suggestions and demos have given you some food for thought and a good start on doing your research for your project.